The “Organisation Todt” (OT)

(The following text is based on an article which I wrote for off-line use)

We can read in a file from the Directorate-General War Victims about my great-great-uncle Kalman Lehrer (sometimes also known as Kalman Kalech) during WWII. We read there that he was conscripted into labor service in the Julius Berger Company.

I tried to figure out what the Julius Berger Company was (click here for my earlier post about this subject.

What I initially did not read well and missed in the document is the abbreviation ‘OT’ which is written on one of the documents in that file:

From Kalman Lehrer’s file at the Belgian Office of War Victims (file:DOS-DDO d210703)

What we see is that Kalman Lehrer

a été mis au travail force dans le Nord de La France (O.T.). Il figure sur les listes de salaires (établies par quinzaines) de la firme « Julius Berger » du 26.7.42 au 31.10.42“

(translation: [Kalman Lehrer] was conscripted into labor service in Northern France (OT). He is listed in the wages lists (established by fortnights) of the firm “Julius Berger” from 26.7.42 to 31.10.42.)

First I’ll try to explain more about the OT, which stood for Organisation Todt, and then I’ll continue about Kalman Lehrer during the war.

The OT’s establishment:
The “Organisation Todt” (OT) was established in May 1938, when Hitler instructed the Generalinspekteur für das Strassenwesen, Dr. Ing. Fritz Todt, who had proven himself with the autobahn construction, to continue the previously Wehrmacht led construction of the Westwall . Todt has developed the organization out of a combination of planning departments, private companies (the Julius Berger company was such a company) and until the war started in 1939, the Reichsarbeitsdienst . During the war the OT transformed into a military construction unit and its structure changed from year to year as it was adapted to the requirements of the respective orders.

The OT fell from March 1940 under the responsibility of the Reichsminister für Bewaffnung und Munition (RMfBM)- Minister for Armament and Munitions.

After the death of Fritz Todt in February 1942, the OT reorganized under Albert Speer (Mannheim, 19 march 1905 – London, 1 September 1981). From the beginning of 1941 it was headed by engineer Franz Xaver Dorsch (24 December 1899 – 8 November 1986)

Objectives of the OT:
With Hitler’s order in December 1941 for the expansion of the French coastal fortifications (“Atlantikwall”), a large-scale construction program of the OT got started. That project required an extensive workforce and huge amounts of material, including materials which were taken from the “Bunkerbauprogramm” in the German cities.

The “Atlantic Wall” (source: Wikimedia commons, user: Uberstroker)

The main tasks of the OT in the occupied territories were, in addition to the construction of defense facilities, the construction of roads, telecommunication networks, factories, resource extraction facilities, bridges and barracks. Also the repair and recommissioning of economic institutions, the use of resources in the occupied territories and the security (sick!) were part of the OT’s tasks.

Some of the construction work done by the OT:

  • From the summer of 1941: construction in the Soviet Union and the Balkan.
  • In early 1943: the launch sites in northern France for the flying bombs “V1” and “V2” were constructed by the OT.
  • From the summer of 1943: OT-employment in the German Reich to fix air-raid damage,
  • From 1943 to 1945: air-raid shelters for the civilian population (“Erweitertes LS-Führerprogramm”)
  • From 1944 etc.: industrial, utility and railroad building projects, the establishment of underground armament and fuel stations (1944/45: “Jägerprogramm”, “Geilenberg-Programm”)

Organisation and labor supply:
The organization of the OT was divided in order of importance by using groups for specific regions each:

  • The German workers of the OT wore olive green uniforms and were under a quasi-military service obligation.
  • The OT also recruited (some “voluntary”) auxiliary personnel from the Western European countries and increasingly from 1942 they conscripted forced laborers and prisoners of war (we should note that not all volunteers served out of idealism. Belgium had for example at the beginning of the war an unemployment rate of about 500,000).
  • An increasing number of concentration camp prisoners and other prisoners from the Nazi-regime that were used by the OT in 1943/44.
An armband from a Todt laborer (source: wikimedia commons)

This is how the composition of OT’s workforce looked like in late 1944 with a total of about 1.36 million workers:

  • 14,000 German unfit defense personnel
  • 22,000 concentration camp prisoners
  • The rest of the workforce consisted of forced laborers and prisoners of war (because the OT worked closely with the Gestapo and SS, the OT-labor proved for the forced laborers and prisoners of war to be harsh and inhumane).

Belgian Jews working for the OT:
Starting on June 13, 1942, Jews were assigned to the camps run by the Todt Organization.
Unlike the Jews, the volunteers were paid fair wages for their labor. They did indeed work on the construction sites of the Atlantic Wall, but even so they were treated far better than the Jews. In fact, the conditions in these work camps located throughout the coastal line of northern France, was a sinister foreboding of the fate that was to await the Jews in the concentration camps.

In the beginning of the summer of 1942, Jewish labor camps were set up throughout the French coastal line. There was one additional camp, called Mazures, which was located in the Ardennes close to Charleville.

The majority of forced labor came from Antwerp. The Belgian police was responsible to round them up as dictated by the Belgian Bureau of Employment. The Germans, Todt Organization, and their guards became involved with these Jews only after they arrived at the OT camps. This operation lasted three months whereby four trains were leaving Antwerp on July 13, 14, August 42, and the last one on September 12 of 1942. Three other trains left Brussels on June 26, Charleroi on July 31 and Liège on August 3rd of 1942.

The first train arrived on June 13, 1942 at camp Condette located south of Boulogne. This train contained 250 Jews of different nationalities. One month later, July 14, 1942, another train arrived in Calais and Port-Lahon. On July 18 approximately 200 Jews from Antwerp arrived via Revin at the Mazures camp. Trains continued to arrive, 250 men in Calais, on August 14, 300 persons in Boulogne and on August 5, 1942, another train at Dannes-Camiers via Boulogne.

At first, the Germans assembled and registered the new arrivals at Dannes and thereafter the prisoners were distributed throughout the other camps. More than one hundred prisoners were sent to Ferques during June-July of 1942. On August 14, 1942, a train headed for Boulogne, passed through Dannes by the end of September of 1942. 250 of the toughest prisoners were sent to the Etaples camp.

Starting August of 1942, the Hermann Dohrmann Company of Mulheim on the Ruhr, specializing in road construction and heavy industries, started to create five lists with names of Jewish laborers from Brussels and Antwerp for accounting and salary purposes. These five lists covered the period from August 9 till October 17, 1942, and except for the fifth list which contained 118 names, each list had 120 names and two weeks of salary. In September of 1942, 250 Belgian Jews were put to work at Etaples and were registered in the Dannes-Camiers camps.

The deportation of Belgian Jews from the OT Organisation camps to Auschwitz:
During this period, starting August/September of 1942, razzia’s (round ups) were initiated for the entire Jewish population throughout Belgium and the northern regions of France. This was the beginning of the process to be known as the “final solution”. The first train destined for Auschwitz left Malines on August 4, 1942 (click here for a full list of the transports from the Dossin barracks).

The Germans anticipated the deportation of approximately 20,000 persons and despite this prediction, the authorities responsible for deportation did not succeed to match this amount. To be able to match this amount, workers were taken out the camps throughout the coastal region. Every measure was taken to ensure that the mandated amount of 20,000 was met even if this meant a delay to defend the Reich and to protect Hitler’s Europe. This decision defies any logic whatsoever and perpetuates the Nazi doctrine and insanity to annihilate the Jews. The Final Solution had priority over any other military objective.

Four trains containing a high number of workers from the camps of Northern France left the Dossin barracks in Mechelen for Auschwitz:

  • two on October 24, 1942 (the 14th and 15th convoy)
  • two on October 31, 1942 (the 16th and 17th convoy) (Kalman Lehrer was deported with the 16th convoy)

Within this time period, the camps were almost completely emptied and this measure satisfied the objective of the Nazis to meet their quota. Because of this measure however, construction work on the Atlantic Wall was delayed.

However, the camps did not remain completely deserted. Jews of Belgian nationality and husbands married to Aryan (non-Jewish) women were allowed to remain while other prisoners replaced those who were deported. However, the camp would never have a Jewish population of 2,000 again as was the case in the summer of 1942.

The 15th convoy had 238 laborers from the labor camps of Charleville and Rochelle in northern France. On the 16th convoy 752 forced laborers were listed and 562 laborers were listed on the 17th convoy.

The 17th convoy was of a different composition than the prior ones because it was the first convoy that consisted of men only. Most came straight from the camps of OT without even a stop at the Dossin Barracks in Mechelen. When they arrived at Mechelen (Malines), the OT laborers were simply put on standby in the train until it was filled with internees from the Dossin Barracks. It was also the first time that mass escapes occurred, 241 deportees jumped from the moving train while it was still on Belgian soil. We can possibly explain that mass escapes started only with this convoy because most of the earlier convoys consisted of families with children. It is likely that no parent would try to escape from a moving train if it meant leaving the children behind. The 17th convoy transported only men without their families; they had nothing to lose or anyone to leave behind by jumping off a moving train to liberty, thus escaping an uncertain fate at an unknown destination.

The Julius Berger Company:
As already mentioned earlier, Todt had developed the organization out of a combination of planning departments, private companies and, until the war started in 1939, the Reichsarbeitsdienst.

Julius Berger was one of such private companies. It is nowadays part of Bilfinger & Berger AG (http://www.bilfinger.com) which is based in Mannheim, Germany. Its founder was a Jew, Julius (Juda) Berger (born 22 September 1862 in Zempelburg, West Prussia – murdered 16 May 1942 in Theresienstadt) whose company was aryanized by the Nazis in the 30’s of the twentieth century, and hence, Julius Berger left forcefully the company he has established.

In his first ten years in business, Julius Berger concentrated on railway, road, and bridge construction. He quickly earned a solid reputation with the government and received contracts for hundreds of miles of railways and roads. In 1893 alone he built 22 stretches of railroad across Germany.

August Grün was co-director of a successful company with experience in water-related civil engineering projects. When Grün’s partner left the firm in 1892, Paul Bilfinger, an engineer working for the government, stepped in. At that time the company already employed 250 people and had accumulated equipment and experience in a broad range of construction areas.

From the start of their partnership Grün and Bilfinger bid on a wide variety of engineering projects. The firm entered the international arena in 1907 when it built a 45-mile stretch of railway in Hungary. In the same year, Berger’s firm began work on jobs outside its previous focus, building a canal in Hamburg, a dam and power station in Blesen, and hydraulic control installations on several German rivers and canals. In 1909, the two firms collaborated on a project for the first time, widening the 61-mile Kiel Canal, an important shipping route connecting the North and Baltic Seas.

The burst of international activity declined to a near halt after 1935. The slowdown lasted through the end of World War II, but the two firms sustained themselves with work on the projects Hitler had begun in 1933 in an effort to ease unemployment in Germany. Hitler’s programs included construction of the autobahns, a network of asphalt and concrete highways that would crisscross the nation. Both firms were at the top of the list of bidders, and they received several contracts. Many stretches of the autobahns called for long and high bridge sections, each requiring individual planning and, often, creative designs. The challenging requirements kept engineers who had been working in exotic locales and unusual terrain stimulated.

During World War II, both Julius Berger and Grün and Bilfinger built several airports and naval installations. Like most other German companies, they spent the two years after the war clearing rubble, making emergency track and bridge repairs, and repairing damaged railway stations, roads, dikes, and housing and industrial properties.

A note about the Groupe de Recherches “Dannes-Camiers” (link)
To enhance our knowledge about the fate of the Belgian Jews sent to Dammes-Carniers, the Research group of Dammes-Carniers has been founded by the children and grandchildren of deportees from Liege and nearby Seraing to the labor camps in Northern France. Its aim is to locate gather and disseminate information and documents relating to this relatively unknown episode in the deportation of Belgian Jews.

This group was amazed to find documents in the Office of War Victims (http://warvictims.fgov.be) which is part of the Social Security Ministry in Belgium. Among other things, the documents include lists of “employees” of the OT. The groups also learned about official postwar reports dealing with the salaries and other funds stolen from the Belgian Jews. The Belgian Jews working in the labor camps of Dannes-Camiers theoretically earned salaries, which of course, were never paid. This group is determined to discover the destination of these funds the Belgian government recovered after the WWII.

© ARA – Brussels – please don’t copy without permission

Kalman Lehrer and the OT:
Kalman Lehrer was conscripted into forced labor for the Julius Berger which was one of the private companies hired by the OT. According to his Belgian Office of War victims file, Kalman was based in Boulogne between 26/7/1942 and 31/10/1942.

When we consider that his age in 1942 was forty four years (he was born on 20/6/1898) and would have been considered too “old” to be working for the OT, we can assume that he must have managed to be accepted somehow to be conscripted into forced labor for the OT and not to be deported (in the end, unfortunately, he got killed anyway after he was sent to Auschwitz via the Dossin barracks with the 16th convoy on October 31, 1942).

An overview of when Kalman worked for the Julius Berger Company (from his file at the Belgian Office of War Victims, file:DOS-DDO d210703)

His “salary”, which I assume was 10 francs per day which was the standard stipend (his file does not mention the stipend he received but it is known that the standard stipend stood at 10 francs), was transferred to “La Banque de Paris et des Pays-Bas” (nowadays part of BNP Paribas – http://www.bnpparibas.com).

In early 1943 the Brüsseler Treuhandgesellschaft (BTG) was initially active in detecting the property and possessions of the enemy and the Jews. In a second phase the BTG became responsible for the centralization, management and liquidation of that property. The BTG requested to have the unclaimed salaries of the Jewish forced laborers who had worked for the OT transferred to an account of the Société Française de Banque et de Dépôts (SFBD).The total sum was about 1,349,265 Belgian Francs. After the liberation the SFBD returned only part of the money to the Jewish forced laborers whose wages were paid via the Banque de Paris et des Pays-Bas. In 1958 an amount of 965,758 Belgian Francs was transferred to the Deposit and Consignment Office .

We don’t have an exact date of when Kalman was murdered. The officials assumed that he was killed between 30/10/1942 and 1/6/1945.

Appendix I: Inventory list from the the “Banque de Paris et des Pays-Bas” at the Federal Public Service Social Security – Directorate-General War Victims of Belgium:
As mentioned in the article, Jewish OT workers received theoretically a stipend via the ‘Banque de Paris et des Pays-Bas’, which in fact was never paid out during the war.

The War Victims office in Belgium has sent me an inventory list of all files they have got with regards to the ‘Banque de Paris et des Pays-Bas’. It is a huge list but it has still some missing gaps.
I am adding it here because it can give an impression of the many companies which were part of the OT structure and it also can give a lead for further research on this topic.

COMPANYFOLDER IDFILE IDCOMMENTS
Aachener11
Abwickelungsstelle21
Ackermann31
Ackermann & Stadtfeld41
Adam51
A.E.G.61
Alaers71
Alardin81
Albrecht R.91
Allbaulenz101
Allgeier111
Altenbach121
Angele & Schmid131
Anton141
Antonini151
Antonus161
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Athies171
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Baden181
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Nordwest191
Arbeitsgemienschaft Stuttgart-Nord Eitel201
Aretz211
Arge Landschaftsgärtner221
Arge Lageraufbau231
Arge West241
Armbruster251
Art & Technique261Firma FG Reincke et C° - suhunternehmer "Art et Technique"
Artois271
Ateliers de Construction de la Seine281
Curt Badhauser et Co292 B
Baierle Edmund302 B
Balke (Arge Balke-Emmrich)312 B
Bauken322 B
Baresel AG332 B
Barth. C.W.342 B
Basco352 B
A.bastijns et H. Simon362 B
Bauförster372 B
Baum u. Bentgen382 B
Baumanns L.392 B
Baustoff und Geratelager402 B
Bautch Beschaffungsamt412 B
Bauwens Peter423 B
A. Becker434 B
Jos Becker444 B
Kurt Becker454 B
Bellinghausen464 B
Bentz474 B
Julius Berger485 en 6
Robert Berger494B
Bergold & Kleber504B
Bergt camp514B
Bermann N524B
Berneburg534B
Bernd & R. Friess53Bis4B
Bessemans544B
G. Benchel554B
Bentepark der Luftwaffe564B
Birkle & Thomer574Bmanque
Bisse & Roelandts584B
Blaivie & Fils594B
Bläser604B
Blees617
Bleymehl627
Blum (Carl G.)637
Herman Bock647
Bödicker657
Bodson667
Boeree & Bakker677
Boersch687
Borreux Al697
Bosman & Knauer707
Bourlez C717
Boval A727
Karl Brandt738
Karl Brandt739
Bratengeier7410
Brecheis Karl7510
Brown-Bowerie7610
Franz Brüggemann7710
Alfred Bührmann7811
Burmeister J.H. Gustav7911
Büscher & Sohn8011
A & O Bussenius8111
Heinrich Butzer8211
Cabooter & D' Haene8312
Callens8412
Champy84 Bis12
Cheppe & Swille8512
Christoph & Unmack8612
Claus - Van Hulle8712
J.H. Collignon8812
Conrad F88 Bis12
Conradt Hans8912
Constantin Pierre9012
Constructa Moderna9112
Coppens Albert9212
Coppens H9312
Cranz Kurt9412
Daemen Frères9512
Daems Henri9612
Dalheimer Otto9712
Dandois9812
De Baets-Vanden Berghe9913
De Bon10013
Debusschere-Vanden Borre10113
Decheneux L10214
De Cuyper R10314
Defense Aerienne10414
Degembe10514
Degler Franz10614
Derdesheimer10714
Delbanche10814
Dericks Komertz10914
De Ryck11014
Desmet11114
Dessy Oscar11214
Deutsche Asphalttiefbau11314
Deutsche Bau11415
Deutsche Elektrik11515
Deutsche Tiefbaugesellschaft11615
Dienststelle11715(fardes spéciales)
Franz Dietrich11815
Paul Dietrich11915
Dieu & Allain12015
Dittgen12115
Despy A12215
Dohrmann12315
Dortmunder Bauunion12415
Dubener12515
E. G. Dubois12616
Ducker12716
Duesburger Kies Baggerei12816
Siegfried Dumon12916
Duvi & Rosetzky13016
Albert Durinck13116
Dyckerhoff & Widmann13216
Dziechel-Jansen13316
Divers:Portland Cement13416
Kriegsmarinewerft Brest13416
Technique Compagnie Lille13416
Hansa Bau Union13416
Soldatenheim Loon13416
Abwickelungstelle Bevek S/Mer13416
Dienststelle N° 131113417
Dienststelle N°140213417
Dienststelle N°434813417
Dienststelle N° 504913417
Dienstselle N° 506013417
Dienstselle N° 534313417
Dienststelle N° 629913417
Dienststelle N° 681213417
Dienstselle N° 720113417
Dienststelle N° 939513417
Dienststelle N° 1005213417
Dienststelle N° 1043913417
Dienststelle N° 1058513417
Dienststelle N°1115613417
Dienststelle N° 1221413417
Dienststelle N° 1232513417
Dienststelle N° 1252313417
Dienststelle N° 1388413417
Dienststelle N°1396513417
Dienststelle N° 1625513417
Dienststelle N° 1794313417
Dienststelle N° 1908913417
Dienststelle N° 1948413417
Dienststelle N° 2233313417
Dienststelle N° 2263113417
Dienststelle N° 2602513417
Dienststelle N° 2708913417
Dienststelle N° 2854713417
Dienststelle N° 3004913418
Dienststelle N° 3005113418
Dienststelle N° 3114813418
Dienststelle N° 3171613418
Dienststelle N° 3180913418
Dienststelle N° 3185913418
Dienststelle N° 3188113418
Dienststelle N° 3190813418
Dienststelle N° 3217913418
Dienststelle N° 3268813418
Dienststelle N° 3319913418
Dienststelle N° 3328113419
Dienststelle N° 3391713419
Dienststelle N° 3392813419
Dienststelle N° 3470513419
Dienststelle N° 3537013419
Dienststelle N° 3662013419
Dienststelle N° 3768613419
Dienststelle N° 3838013419
Dienststelle N° 3844013419
Dienststelle N° 3896913419
Dienststelle N° 3961413419
Dienststelle N° 4046913419
Dienststelle N° 4077413419
Dienststelle N° 4912313419
Dienststelle N° 4959513419
Dienststelle N° 5072613419
Dienststelle N° 5082513419
Dienststelle N° 5089313419
Dienststelle N° 5093813419
Dienststelle N° 5127013420
Dienststelle N° 5209213420
Dienststelle N° 5216013420
Dienststelle N° 5227313420
Dienststelle N° 5244313420
Dienststelle N° 5296613420
Dienststelle N° 5307213420
Dienststelle N° 5410013420
Dienststelle N° 5422213420
Dienststelle N° 5436513420
Dienststelle N° 5447113420
Dienststelle N° 5466013420
Dienststelle N° 5467813420
Dienststelle N° 5511613420
Dienststelle N° 5555513420
Dienststelle N° 5559013420
Egenter F13521
Eggers13621
Ehland Paul13721
Eiermann Rudi13821
Eigen13921
Eisenrieth14021
Ensatzgruppe West14121
Elbau14221
Erbes Bau142 Bis21
Elektro Bar14322
Theo Elsche14422
Ensle Paul14522
Emmerich John14622
Engel Emiel14722
Ensle - Ostertag14822
Entreprises Générales Dalcq14922
Entreprises Générales de Batiment et Construction15022
Entreprises Industrielles & de Travaux Publics15122
Entreprise Louzier15222
Entreprise Vande Walle15322
Epple Karl15422
Erbes Bau15522
Gebr. Erdmann15622
J. Erkes15722
Fackler A15822
Fandel Theodor15922
Farben Industrie (Henin Lictard)16022
Felger Aumann16122
Festungskolonne 2716222
Ficheroulle et Lambiotte16322
Fichter Aug16422
Fillibeek16522
A. Finck16622
B. Fischer16723
Flame16823
S. Flockerzi16923
Florack Heinrich17023
Flossdorf A17123
Forster Fritz17223
Fournelle & Zumbruch17323
France Quest17423
Francke Werke17523
François René17623
H. Fredrich17723
Friedrichsmeier17823
Frommer Gustave17923
Früh Max18023
W. Fuchs18123
Fürst Max18223
Füsgen Fr.18323
O. Gallopijn18424
Nik Garçon18524
A. Garie & Sohn18624
Fr. Gassen18724
Gastmann18824
Gebigke & Blaivie18924
Gehzt Standt19024
Gerselhart & Schottle19124
Gerre Elektrobau19224
Gerdum u Breuer19324
Gevaert G.19424
Geyer L.19524
Gielis & Wijngaert19624
Gleisbauzug Knope19724
Gluiraufbau A. G.19824
W. Gotzky19924
Grafen & Servin20024
Grands Travaux Modernes20124
A. Grassmann20224
R. Grasdorf20324
Gres & Gheza20424
Karl Gross & Sohn20524
Gross Max20624
Groth & C°20724
Gruss & Belfinger20824
Grusser Christhoph20924
Grusser-Gossen21024
Guggenberger R21124
Guidi21224
L. Guns21324
H. Haars & Gruneberg21425
Habermann & Guekes21525
Hachez21625
Hachez Isselstein21725
Hageman Dykmann21825
Hagemann & C°21925
H. Hagen22025
H. Hanauer22125
Hanbuch & Sohne22225
Hannebeek Baug22325
Hannoffel Joh.22425
Hausa Bau Union22525
Harder22625
Hardt Ludwig22725
Harn & Nayer22825
Hauck Matihaus22925
Hausler O.23025
Hebel23126
Hegerfeld23226
Heilingbrünner L23326
Heilmann & Littmann23426
Heine Herbert23526
Heinemann & Bune23626
Held & Lamki23726
Heffmann23826
Hellenthal & Sohn23926
Heller Fr.24027
Helm24127
Helmsted24227
Hemmino & Witte24327
Hennes24427
Hermanns Gebr24527
Hermant Maurice24627
Hermecke24727
Hesscge Arbeitsgem24827
Heuer KG24927
Hildebrand Conrad25027
Hillesheim25127
Hilfertging Jean25227
Hochtief25327
O. Hocke & C°25427
Hortz & C°25527
O. Hoffmann25627
Holzmann260 Bis28
Hoffritz25729
K. Hofmann25829
Hofmann Lohium25929
Hollinoer26029
Homme Paul26129
Horsch Claus & Sohn26229
Hoss26329
Huber F26429
Hubert & Rauwald26529
Huberts J.B26629
Huguet Ins Fourre26729
Hulster Léon26829
Hulskens C°26929
Hundgen & Sohn27029
Huta27129
Ibau-industrie Bau27230
Industra27330
Instrass27430
Iserluhn27530
Iven H27630
Jansen27730
Janssen27830
Jitax27930
Jobst & Milch279 Bis30
Jochimski28030
Joly H28130
Jonen H28230
Jordan Max28330
Jucho28430
A. Jung28530
Jungzen28630
Kahlke28731
Kallenbach28831
Karle Ernst28931
Kauffer & C°29031
Kehl & C°29131
Keller J29231
Keller Nelly29331
Kengelbach29431
keuber W29531
Kirsch L29631
Kirschenhofer29731
Klaber Max29831
Knauth Art30031
Kniffler30031
Knop W30232
Knyff30332
Koch & C°30432
Koch & Neyer30532
Koernig30632
Kohl Erwin30732
Kohnn A30832
Korte & Vogel30932
Koster & Adolphs31032
Kowahl & Bruns31132
Krauz Kurt31232
Krautscheid31332
A. Kremers31432
Kriegslazarett St. André31532
Kriegsmarine Arsinal315 Bis32
Kriegslazarett Calmette31632
Krockel K.31732
Kromm W31832
Krombus F. N.31932
C. Kroth & Sohn32032
F. Kriball32132
Kriebler K32232
Kuhlmer H32432
Kunster & Sohn32533
Kunster & Zimmermann32633
Kurz und Muller32733
Kutsch Steffens32833
Neant32933
Labay & Driehesne33034
Lachaise33134
Laer Bern33234
Lamberte B33334
Lamers Hans33434
Lammertyn33534
Landauer33634
Langlois A33734
Latseka W33834
Leoris A33934
Leuhard H34034
Leuk. Meisel34134
Leuz & C°34234
Leuzen A34334
Levaux Ant & fils34435
Leydens W34535
Lieser34635
Limourin34735
G. Limper34835
Lindemann34935
Lingermann Karl35035
Linnartzund Sohwarz35135
Litrvin Chuh & Bank35235
Livernet352 Bis35
Lohrum35335
Loth & Bopp35435
E. Ludwig35535
Ludwig - Rottland35635
Lung Alois35735
Luftwaffe Beutepark35835
Luypaert Van Simpsen35935
Macher Ludwig36036
Maffenanti36136
Maler Arbeitsgemeinschaft36236
Malmendier Jos36336
Manfredini M36436
Marahrens36536
Marine Haffen36636
Markgraf und Heger36736
Markische Bauges36836
Marx Gebr36936
Matrowitz & C°37036
Matzdorff W37137
Mattern Stand Heller37237
Maue Otto37337
May37437
Mayer Aug37537
G. Meister37637
Mell Gebr37738
Merkle37838
Mertens L37938
Metzdorf H38038
Metzinger H38138
Meyer Fritz38238
Michiels38338
Michiels-Collignon38438
Micka38538
Mickelheit Gebr38638
Milch. Mart38738
Néant38838
Mobelfabrik38938
Mobers Gebr39038
Mogendorf Segner39138
Mohr Hans39238
Molders & C°39338
Moll K39438
Moll L39538
Moller E39638
Moller & Schott39739
Monuzzi & Roelants39839
Muhlenbruch39939
Mulheimer Strassebbau40039
Muller & C°40139
A. Muller40239
Fr. Muller40339
J. Muller40439
Max Muller40539Manque
Mussgang & C°40639
Nachbarschulte40740
National40840
Jacob Neumayer40940Manque
E. Niclas41040
Niemax Gebr41140
Nill W41240
Noll Jakob41340
Novak & Schwarz41440
N.S.K.K. Transf41540
Nuyts H41640
O.B.L. Audingren41741
O.B.L. Cherbourg41842
O.B.L. Marseille41942
O.B.L. Mette42042
O.B.L. Nord42142
O.B.L. Normandie42242
O.B.L. Nord West42342
O.B.L. Paula42442
O.B.L. Rouen42542
O.B.L. Sud42642
Oderthal Jakob42743
C. Oelting42843
Oevermann G42943
Ohlig43043
Olbrecht G43143
Olm G43243
Oltsch & C°43343
Opel Beuchel43443
Osselaere Alph43543
Ostbau43643
Osthoff W43743
Ostland43843
O.T. Divers43943
Ott. Bau44043
Ouest Travaux Publics44143
Ovander G44243
Pampers44344
Pantz E44444
Pape Aug44544
Pastore44644
Pauwels44744
Pauwels & Smits447 Bis44(farde à part)
A. Penasse44844
Perino frères44944
Perthil Robert45044
Pfalz45144
Philippi45244
Piessen V45344
Piette A45444
Pilot - De Puydt45544
G. Pinnow45644
Plotner45744
Jakob Pohl45844
Polenski & Zollner45944
Postiaux Gaston46044
Ponghon Charles46144
Pracht Hans46244
Primus46344
Provost46444(farde à part)
Rabits46545
Raebel Wecke46645
Ramant & C°46745
Ranker Atois46845
Rathjens46945
Rausch & Balensiefen47045
Rauwald47145
Rech47245
Reh & C°²47345
Regensburg47445
L. Reinartzund Sohn47545
Reincke47646
Rempke47746
H. Rennert47846(manque)
Resthaven Ge.47946
H. Reuss48046
Rheinbay48146
Rheinpfaz48246
Riedel48346
Riede48446
Ries48546
Ritter Massong C°48647
Rittmann48747
Roeder J48847
Max Roelants48947
Fr. Rodiek49047
Cl. Rohuer49147
Rom J.P.49247
N. Rörig49347
J. Roth49447
J. Rothfuss49547
Rottger49647
Rottland & Lindeman49747
Rucker49847
Sachsinger49948
Saeger & Woerner50048
Samson50148
Sauercin & Schaefer50248
S.B.U.50348
Scandolo50448
Schäfer50548
Schartmann50648
Scheidt50748
Scherer50848
Schlichthoon50948
Schmitz & Sohn51048
Schmarsel51148
H. Schmetz51248
Schmitt R51348
Schmitz E51448
Schmitz Erpenbach51548
Schmitz H.51648
Schmucker51748
Schneider Johann51849
Schneider (Juifs)518 Bis49manque
Schneider & Klippel51949
Schneiders & Schumacker52049
G. Schnellen520 Bis49(farde à part) farde 49 Bis
G. Scholzen52149
Schomburg52249
Schommer52349
Eg. Schott52449
Schroder Otto52549
Schroders52649
H. Schroeder52749
Schubert52849
Schuffelhauer52949
Schulte ter Hardt53049
Schuppart53149manque
Schijnler53249
Schutterlé M53349
Schnutzer BB53449
L. Seemann53549
J. Ph Sehn53649
Selbach53749
Siemens Bau Union53849
Simon Arthur53950
H. Smits539 Bis50(farde à part 50 Bis)
Sobeco54050
Sobetta54150
Herbert Soche54250
O. Soetaert54350
Sofsky54450
Sotrabe54550
Sparenberg54650
Spereher54750
Spiller K54850
Spinhoff-Campo54950
Spieker55050
Stark55151
Stehmeyer & Bischoft55251
Stein E55351
Steindl55451
Stichel55551
Stichtmann55651
Stilgenbauer und Faber55751
Stock Carl55852
Stöcker55952
Stohr Karl56052
Stolze56152
Strabag56252
Strassen Ingeniersbau56352
Strauch W56452
Streubel56552
Struck56652
Sturm56752
Stutzenberger56852
Sudbau56952
Technique C°57053
Technische Gruppe57153
Terrastraba57253
Terbrak57353
Tesch G57453
Deutsche Theater57553
Deutsche Tehater Lille57653
Tiele57753
Thomas Emiel57853
N. Tilger57953
W. Topel58053
Trama58153
Uamann58253
Unico58354
Vaesset58454manque
Valente58554
Van Belle58654
Van Craenenbroeck58754
Vanderstappen58854
Van der Veeken58954
Van der Vurst59054
Van de Velde59154
Van de Vloet59254
Vanderwalle59354
Vanmeen59454
Van Dooren G.59554
Van Doorne59654(farde à part) 54 Bis
Van Droot59754
Van Elewijk59854
Van Elven59954
Van Geit60054
Van Kempen60154
Vanniesbecq60254
Van Schoor60354
Van Steelant60455
Van Uden & C°60555
Van Regenmortel60655
Van Wiënen & Cie60755
Van Wijnsberghe60855(farde à part 55 bis)
Vattez H60955
Verhaeghe - De Craemer61055
Vereecken Jos61155
Verhaege - De Craemer61255
Vigafrau-firma61355manque
Viot61455manque
Völkel & Heidingsfelder61555
Völker Wilhelm61655
Voller61755
Volz61855
Von der Heydt61955manque
Von der Wettern62055
Vomel62155
Van Wronski62255
Wadle & C62356
Wagner Jean62456
Wagner Richard62556
Walter Karl62656
Wassermann Friedrich62756
Waysse & Freytag62856
Weisez62956
Wendel G63056
Wemez M63156
Werner Franz & C°63256
Werner Krause63356
Werkstattzug63457
Westbau63557
Westdeutsche Steinindustrie63657
Westdeutsche Wegenbauges63757
Wetterholm R63857
Wichmann63957
Wickert Aug64058
Wicaker Wilhelm64158
Wiemeer & Trachto64258
Wieland H64358
Wiesbaden64458
Wiesdorfer Bauwerstatten64558
Willemen64658
Windschild & Langelott64758
Wirtz H64858
Witt J64958
Woets65058
Wolf Fritz65159
Wolfer & Goebel65259
Wolff Friedrich65359
Wolff A. Müller65459
Wolfsholz65559
Wynants P. A.65659
Zapp65760
Zeglink65860
Zettelmeyer65960
Zervos66060
Zimmerman G66160
Zimmermann Adolf66260
Zimmermann Wilhelm66360
Zinzen P66460
Zublin66560

Appendix II: Sources I used for this article:

8 thoughts on “The “Organisation Todt” (OT)”

  1. my father, adolf steil, from antwerp was a consripted worker at dannes-camiers and deported in one of the later train that was joined with part of a train in malines. is there a way to recover his confiscated goods worth and labor salary? any other compensations exists?

    1. Hello,

      I would send a message to both the Kazerne Dossin (Memorial, Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights) via info@kazernedossin.eu and with the Directorate-General War Victims via warvictims@minsoc.fed.be.
      The Kazerne Dossin usually replies to your requests within days and to get a reply from the warvictims office can take a bit longer (a few weeks).

      After contacting them you should have a clearer idea of the whereabouts on the confiscated goods and the “salary” etc (which is one of the reasons why the warvictims office was established). The Kazerne Dossin has a few lists and photo’s of the victims, they may have some information about your father (see http://www.kazernedossin.eu/en/content/documentation-centre).

      Good luck and please share your experiences with us.

      Gershon

  2. German half-Jews were conscriptied into organization. Todt in 1944 and made to work in France, building/repaiiring railroad tracks that hadbeen destroyed by allied bombing. Some of those forced labor people escaped after Normandy landing to u.s. Forces and we’re taken to england.

    1. Hello,

      I have unfortunately no idea. But I saw in the list with sources used for the Wikipedia page about Franz Xaver Dorsch (see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Xaver_Dorsch) that one of sources used is:

      Posner, Gerald L. (1991). Hitler’s children: sons and daughters of leaders of the Third Reich talk about their fathers and themselves. Random House. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-394-58299-3.

      I unfortunately do not have that book at my disposal, but could it mean that one of his children was interviewed for Mr. Posner’s book?

      1. Thank you for the thorough work. My grandfather Eugen Angele had the Angele&Schmid building company and worked for OT in Germany and France. I am afraid, he had forced laborers. I feel shame about this family history.

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